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London Metropolitan Archives (LMA)

Research resources for Caribbean Studies and the History of Black and Asian people in the UK

CASBAH SURVEY REPORT

Introduction

Survey Data

Table - Greater London Council Photographs and Prints

Table - Greater London Council Press Releases

Archive Collection Description - Extract

Appendix

Section One - Introduction

@London Metropolitan Archives

The London Metropolitan Archives holds a vast amount of information about the capital and its citizens. Holdings include the archives of the Greater London Council, the London and Middlesex County Councils and their predecessors.

The records at LMA take many forms: tiny pamphlets and enormous volumes, rolled parchment, maps, plans, prints, photographs and microfilms. The records cover a period of nearly 900 years and over 31 miles of shelving, making LMA the largest local authority archive in the United Kingdom. There is also a reference library at LMA with over 100,000 volumes.

A key pillar of the CASBAH project is the insistence that whether or nor presently identified or located, there are records in most, if not all repositories related to Caribbean Studies and the history of Black and Asian people in the UK. This is especially the case at LMA, the very nature of the collections housed at this site a clear indication that many of the archive collections at LMA have records relating to the Black and Asian peoples in the UK and links between the metropolis and its former colonies.

For further information about the London Metropolitan Archives, visit their website at:

http://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/leisure_heritage/libraries_archives_museums_galleries/lma/

Section Two - The LMA Survey


The CASBAH survey was conducted at LMA intermittently between 15 May - 2 June 2000. The survey method was devised by LMA staff and involved three main activities:

1. To gather terms relating to Black and Asian people from the automated catalogues records, in particular, the Greater London Council press releases (1965 - 1986).

2. To identify file level references from two selected Collections: Hospital records and the London County Council archive.

3. To examine Greater London Council photographs so as to add a visual element to the survey data. The aim was to also gather terms for the development of authority lists in the key subject areas.

 

Section Three - Survey Data

Archive Collections

Descriptions of collections held in the following archives have been uploaded to the CASBAH database::

  • Hospital records
  • London County Council archive

Thematic spread

Black and Asian History

  • Local government - Education, Health, Social Welfare
  • Local government - racist and anti-racist policy and practice
  • Political and social organisations

Click Here to view the CASBAH database entries for the above collections - (available May 2002)

Click Here to view the CASBAH database entries for LMA Printed Sources collection - (available May 2002)

Greater London Council Photographs & Greater London Council Press Releases

Local government records cover the many aspects of social life and are a rich source in providing details about the population it serves.

  1. The table of Greater London Council Photographs provides a sample of images relevant to the history of Black and Asian people in the UK.
  2. The table of Greater London Council Press Releases provides a sample of press releases relevant to the history of Black and Asian people in the UK.

For further details, please contact the Access and Enquiries Team (AES)at the London Metropolitan Archives: tel 020 7332 3820, fax 020 7833 9136 or Email at:ask.lma@corpoflondon.gov.uk.

Table - Greater London Council Photographs

Title
Dates from
Dates To
Call number
Reference
Africa Centre: Mrs Sally Mugabe opens an art and craft exhibition 1986 1986 003 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Alison Hanson, head of ILEA Equal Opportunities and GLC councillor Paul Boateng     006 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Anti-Apartheid marches in support of GLC Antiapartheid policy, attended by Ken Livingstone, Paul Boateng, Jesse Jackson and others     008 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Anti-Racism Year events with Ken Livingstone 1984 1984   GLC/DG/PRB/05
Anti-Racism posters and stills, part of GLC Anti-Racism campaign with Paul Boateng     011 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Black classical concert, part of "Visions 85" GLC/ILEA London Youth Festival 1985 1985 022 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Boating in various London parks 1952 1961 131 GLC/RA/E2/07
Elgar Handy, GLC Vice Chairman, visits a Bangladeshi women's centre   1984 015A GLC/DG/PRB/05
Entertainment in parks at Kenwood and Victoria Park including steel bands     002 GLC/RA/E2/06
Sydenham Wells Park: General views   1959 052 GLC/RA/E2/07
General views of playgrounds   1967 070 GLC/RA/E2/07
Wandsworth Common: General views 1962 1966 082 GLC/RA/E2/07
Clapham Common: General views and lighting the Christmas tree   1958 068 GLC/RA/E2/07
Hackney Asian Youth receiving Awards     182 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Indian wrestling in Parks   1983 172 GLC/RA/E2/11
Ken Livingstone, Illtyd Harrington and Paul Boateng with the stars of London's first Festival of Black Music     032 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Ken Livingstone visits Brent Black Music Co-operative     033 GLC/DG/PRB/05
London Against Racism campaign: Ken Livingstone at award ceremony of a children's painting competition   1984 016 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Publicity photographs used in broadsheets and leaflets including pictures of athletics, the river, disability, music, The Black Theatre Company, and the Greater London Horse Show 1982 1984 115 GLC/RA/E2/11
Ken Livingstone at Racism in Trades Unions press conference   198- 338 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Royal Festival Hall: Ethnic arts exhibition 'New Horizons'   1985 015 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Royal Festival Hall: Paul Robeson exhibition   1985 353 GLC/DG/PRB/05
South Bank: London Against Racism rally in Jubilee Gardens, part of GLC Anti-Racism Year 1976 1976 056 GLC/RA/E2/11
South Bank: Paul Boateng at the unveiling of the Mandela bust, visit of Mrs Sally Mugabe, South African musicians 1981 1981 371 GLC/DG/PRB/05
South London Carnival with army bands     110 GLC/RA/E2/14
County Hall: Black Business Conference 1985 1985 021 GLC/DG/PRB/05
County Hall: Tony Banks at a photo call for black dancers given a grant to train in New York   1985 120 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Various projects carried out within the Play Leadership scheme including murals, inflatables work at Thamesmead and with the Asian Arts Project   1984 101 GLC/RA/E2/14
Battersea Park: Folk concerts featuring The Spinners 1966 1968 191 GLC/RA/E2/07
Hurricane damage done to Dominica and subsequent appeal by GLC for aid 1980 1980 132 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Jazz, African and Classical Music in factories and shopping centres 1982 1983 091 GLC/RA/E2/11
South Bank: Paul Boateng with a chained ballot box, part of Anti-Abolition campaign 1985 1985 028 GLC/DG/PRB/05
South Bank: Rallies, speeches, reggae, rock music and dancing as part of GLC Jobs Year with Ken Livingstone 1985 1985 236 GLC/DG/PRB/05
South Bank: Paul Boateng at the unveiling of the Mandela bust, visit of Mrs Sally Mugabe, South African musicians 1981 1985 371 GLC/DG/PRB/05
Twilight Areas in Greater London, over-crowding and sharing, and poor conditions 1966   00804 GLC/TD/PH/10
Angel, Islington: Paul Boateng at restoration of clock tower 197- 198- 005  
County Hall: Fire damage in the Ethnic Minorities Unit, and subsequent exhibition 1985 1985 092 GLC/DG/PRB/05

 

Table - Greater London Council Press Releases

Title
Reference
Date
GRANTS PACKAGE FOR ETHNIC MINORITIES GLC/DG/PRB/35/049/683 1985 Aug 02
PROMOTES AFRICAN CULTURAL AWARENESS EVENINGS GLC/DG/PRB/35/045/519 1984 Jul 19
GLC COMMISSIONS ANTI-RACIST MURALS FOR LONDON - INVITATION TO PRESS CONFERENCE GLC/DG/PRB/35/048/525 1985 Jun 24
GLC COMMITTEE BACKS ETHNIC STUDY GLC/DG/PRB/35/037/265 1981 Jul 14
ASIAN GROUPS HELPED BY GLC GLC/DG/PRB/35/038/236 1983 Dec 15
ASIANS ARTS GROUP HELPED AT HOME AND AWAY BY GLC GLC/DG/PRB/35/043/138 1984 Mar 01
DEATHS OF ASIAN MOTHER AND CHILDREN 'HORRIFIC' SAYS GLC LEADER GLC/DG/PRB/35/049/633 1985 Jul 19
GLC HELPS ASIAN WOMEN'S GROUPS GLC/DG/PRB/35/043/211 1984 Mar 22
GLC MAY GIVE GRANT TO WALTHAM FOREST ASIAN CENTRE GLC/DG/PRB/35/037/270 1981 Jul 14
GLC SUPPORT FOR ASIAN UNEMPLOYED PROJECT GLC/DG/PRB/35/041/395 1983 Jun
GLC WELCOMES LEADING ASIAN PERFORMERS GLC/DG/PRB/35/051/110 1986 Feb 21
LONDON'S ASIAN WOMEN GET MAJOR BOOST FROM GLC GLC/DG/PRB/35/042/619 1983 Oct 12
BACKS BLACK CO-OPS AGENCY GLC/DG/PRB/35/046/733 1984 Oct 19
BLACK ARTS CENTRE - ONE STEP ON GLC/DG/PRB/35/042/835 1983 Dec 21
GLC TO HELP BLACK ACTION GROUP GLC/DG/PRB/35/041/509 1983,Aug
GLC LOOKS AT HOW RACISM AFFECTS WOMEN'S HEALTH GLC/DG/PRB/35/049/609 1985 Jul 12
GLC CONFERENCE FOR LONDON'S BLACK WOMEN GLC/DG/PRB/35/040/256 1983 Apr 29
GLC SUPPORT FOR BANGLADESH YOUTH LEAGUE (GLC/DG/PRB/35/043/098A) GLC/DG/PRB/35/043/098A 1984 Feb 16
LONDON'S ASIAN WOMEN GET MAJOR BOOST FROM GLC GLC/DG/PRB/35/042/619 1983 Oct 12
FESTIVAL THAT PUTS SPRING IN THE AIR! GLC/DG/PRB/35/048/353 1985 Apr 29
GLC PROMOTES AFRICAN CULTURAL AWARENESS EVENINGS GLC/DG/PRB/35/045/519 1984 Jul 19
GRANTS PACKAGE FOR ETHNIC MINORITIES GLC/DG/PRB/35/039/411 1982 Sept 16
GLC HELPS BLACK EDUCATION PROJECTS GLC/DG/PRB/35/041/569 1983 Sept 30
RACE AND GLC HOUSING GLC/DG/PRB/35/028/472 1976 Nov 19
SURVEY INTO ETHNIC MINORITY SMALL BUSINESSES GLC/DG/PRB/35/039/319 1982 Jul 22
GLC WORKS WITH SPITALFIELDS BENGALI COMMUNITY GLC/DG/PRB/35/038/174 1982 May 21
'RACISM WITHIN TRADE UNIONS' - PRESS INVITATION GLC/DG/PRB/35/046/823 1984 Nov 23
ETHNIC CHILDREN IN CARE - GLC SUGGESTS WAYS TO HELP    
GLC CONFERENCE ON RACISM IN THE MEDIA GLC/DG/PRB/35/044/332 1984 May 14
INTEGRATED PROGRAMMING OF THE ARTS GLC/DG/PRB/35/050/0952 1985 Oct 17
GLC ACTS TO BRING ETHNIC ARTS INTO MAINSTREAM GLC/DG/PRB/35/043/226 1984 Mar 1984
PICTORIAL FOCUS ON RECENT IMMIGRATION GLC/DG/PRB/35/043/104 1984 Feb 17
UNIQUE BLACK CLASSICAL MUSIC CONCERT GLC/DG/PRB/35/049/789 1985 Sep 11
BLACK DANCE CIRCUIT SWINGS INTO ACTION GLC/DG/PRB/35/050/1067 1985 Nov 26
GLC HELPS BLACK WOMEN PRISONERS GLC/DG/PRB/35/043/025 1984 Jan 18
BAD HEALTH CARE FOR BLACK WOMEN - NEGLIGENCE OR DELIBERATE POLICY? GLC/DG/PRB/35/046/769 1984 Nov 02
HELP IS ON THE WAY FOR ETHNIC GROUPS GLC/DG/PRB/35/039/627 1982 Dec 20
GLC HELPS BRIXTON ACTION GROUP GLC/DG/PRB/35/044/409 1984 Jun 07
GRANTS PACKAGE FOR ETHNIC MINORITIES GLC/DG/PRB/35/039/411 1982 Sep 16
GLC STEPS IN TO HELP BLACK COMMUNITIES GLC/DG/PRB/35/045/617 1984 Sep 03

 

Archive Collection Description - Extract

Children in Care (LCC/CH)

Administrative/Biographical history: It was only after the Children’s Act of 1948 that Councils of the Counties were required to establish a Children Committee. Shortly after saw the establishment of Children’s Departments which took over the functions of the Education, Welfare and Public Service departments and worked to ensure that the 1948 Children's Act that had consolidated much of the existing laws concerning children and child care was implemented accordingly.

Scope and content: The records comprise of correspondence, reports, and pamphlets. The issues covered in the records include homeless children, residential nurseries, children’s homes, hostels, residential homes, and residential hospitals for children and family homes. There are several records of note in the found in the Miscellaneous papers and files of the Children's Department Records:

  • League of Coloured Peoples Ltd (ref: LCC/CH/M/24/1, 1951 - 1958).
    The League of Coloured Peoples was established in 1931 and incorporated into a limited liability company in 1953. The aim of the organisation was to 'provide facilities for the adoption of coloured children in Great Britain' (taken from a report in the file dated March 13th, 1958). The file contains correspondence and notes on the activities of the League in trying to establish itself as a government registered adoption agency.
  • Statistics - Annual Departmental Summary (ref: LCC/CH/M/37/4, 1957 - 1963).
    The statistics cover case loads, the reception and discharges of children in care, as well as statistics on the number of children leaving foster homes and children who had been boarded out. The figures are divided according to month of year and London district. Also included in this file is a pamphlet entitled 'Children in Care in England and Wales' (1962) with listed areas, percentages and types of homes.
  • 'C' Division: Special Groups of Children (Ref: LCC/CH/M/46/2, 1959 - 1962)
    The 'C' Division of the Children's department was concerned with children of colour, although it was made clear that the activities of the committee were not to be made public. The children were Africans, African Caribbean, and Asian children as well as those children 'whose parents spoke foreign languages'.The file contains papers, correspondence, reports and pamphlets covering the problems of finding homes for the children; the ongoing discussion with commissioners and consulates regarding these children and reports and letters covering meetings with the West Indies Commission and the then Pakistan High commissioner.
  • 'C' Division: Children with no Homes ('Twilight children') (ref: LCC/CH/M/46/3, 1960 - 1964).
    This file consists of papers, reports and correspondence relating to young people living in London whose parents are from the 'West Indies or Ireland or the northern part of the country. The issues revealed in the reports include: the 'culture' of the groups; the LCC's position; gender differences; young women in care; near delinquent children living away from home. Reports include: Children's Officers report on near-delinquent children, LCC report on Assistance to Young Children Living away from Home. Also included is correspondence from various Children's Officers.

Appendix

Here to Stay: The Black Presence in London: A Select Bibliography of Library Resources at the LMA

Maxine Miller, LMA librarian, compiled Here to Stay in 1998. The following was taken from her introductory remarks.

1) Library Holdings

London Metropolitan Archives' status as a record office for the Greater London area greatly determines its holdings concerning black people in London. ( the definition of "black" to people of African-Caribbean descent living, and contributing to, life in London .) The London Metropolitan Archives' library retains the characteristics of its previous role as the Greater London History Library: the archive contains many official publications referring to national and local authority responses to the black presence in London and the UK and a collection of library materials that has developed around these publications.

Click Here to view the library holdings

2) The Official publications

The official publications section of the bibliography includes material from:

  1. The Greater London Council
  2. The Inner London Education Authority
  3. The King Edward's Fund for London
  4. The London Council of Social Services
  5. The National Council of Voluntary Organisations
  6. The Southwark Diocesan Association of Wel-care.
The majority of the publications are policy documents, reports and evaluations that formed part of the wide-ranging debate and implementation official policy in these organisations. Material is arranged by organisation in the first instance, then by issuing department with cross references to authors where necessary. In the absence of an issuing department, the entry is made under author only.
Official publications are kept with archival holdings: however, a few titles may also appear in the library holdings section.

Click Here for the full text of 'Here to Stay: The Black Presence in London: A Select Bibliography of Library Resources at the LMA'


 

Acknowledgments

Special thanks to Maxine Miller for her support and advice, and also to the searchroom staff members.

 

 

Created September 2000 by Dr. Roiyah Saltus - Blackwood

Updated: January 2002

 

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